Dry Eye Causes and Treatment Options?

What causes dry eye?
According to the National Eye Institute dry eye syndrome can occur when basal tear production decreases, tear evaporation increases, or tear composition is imbalanced. Factors that can contribute to dry eye include the following:
•Medications including antihistamines, decongestants, antidepressants, birth control pills, hormone replacement therapy to relieve symptoms of menopause, and medications for anxiety, Parkinson’s disease, and high blood pressure have been associated with dry eye.
•Advancing age is a risk factor for declines in tear production. Dry eye is more common in people age 50 years or older.
•Rosacea (an inflammatory skin disease) and blepharitis (an inflammatory eyelid disease) can disrupt the function of the Meibomian glands.
•Autoimmune disorders such as Sjögren’s syndrome, lupus, scleroderma, and rheumatoid arthritis and other disorders such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, and Vitamin A deficiency are associated with dry eye.
•Women are more likely to develop dry eye. Hormonal changes during pregnancy and after menopause have been linked with dry eye. Women also have an increased risk for autoimmune disorders.
•Windy, smoky, or dry environments increase tear evaporation.
•Seasonal allergies can contribute to dry eye.
•Prolonged periods of screen time encourage insufficient blinking.
•Laser eye surgery may cause temporary dry eye symptoms.

Dry Eye Treatment Options:
•Artificial Tears: Preserved, Preservative Free, Transient Preservative, Drops, Gels and Ointments.
•Punctal Plugs
•Warm compresses with eyelid scrubs & massage
•Topical corticosteroids
•Dietary Supplements such as omega-3 fatty acids; fish oils
BlephEx® a new, in-office procedure that allows your doctor to take an active role in treating dry eye and blepharitis

If you think you may have Dry Eye or any other eye disease and would like a full comprehensive eye exam call Griffin Eye Center at 843-449-6414 or toll free 888-570-5789. Our Ophthalmologists, Neil Griffin, M.D., Reuben Tipton, M.D., and Doctor Shawn D. Thomas are committed to providing world class technology and the most advanced vision diagnostics and surgical technologies. For more information visit GRIFFINEYECENTER.COM.