Dry eye disease occurs when one’s eyes do not produce enough tears or produce poor quality tears to be healthy.
There are different types of dry eyes. Aqueous tear-deficient dry eye is a disorder in which the lacrimal glands fail to produce enough of the watery component of tears to maintain a healthy eye surface. The other type Evaporative dry eye is associated with inflammation of the meibomian glands. These glands make the lipid part of tears that slow evaporation and keeps the tears stable.
In addition, inflammation of the surface of the eye can occur simultaneously with dry eye. If left untreated, this condition can lead to pain, ulcers, scars on the cornea, or even some loss of vision.
According to the National Eye Institute nearly five million Americans 50 or older are estimated to have dry eye. Of these, more than three million are women and more than one and a half million are men.
Some of the symptoms of dry eye may include a burning, grittiness, soreness, redness, photophobia (sensitivity to light), contact lens discomfort, or foreign body sensation. If you are experiencing some of the symptoms mentioned, you may have dry eye disease and should have your eyes evaluated by your eye care provider.
For more information on dry eye and other eye diseases visit www.griffineyecenter.com